The hillside was dedicated to Bacchus, with all the slopes covered in vineyards producing moscato and aleatico grapes.
The town, which stands on a foothill of Monte Calamita, was established as a fortress in a commanding position during the Etruscan-Roman period. One of the island’s most interesting historic sites, it was of major importance due to its iron mines.
The historic centre, with its Medieval street plant, is constructed around Piazza Matteotti and Via Roma, with narrow streets, steps and the “chiassi” underpasses leading out from them in a herringbone pattern, creating a charming townscape that still retains a genuine flavour of the rural life of bygone days.
The square is the heart of the town, surrounded by restaurants, bars, shops, and stalls that bring colour and variety to the long summer evenings.
The people of Capoliveri, quarrymen and farmers, have successfully transformed their vocation for agriculture and industry into a flair for the tourism sector, creating today’s businesses, handed down from father to son, which make Capoliveri one of the island’s most important holiday towns.